Groningen - Capital of the district of Saramacca
Groningen is the principal town and the administrative center of the Saramacca District. This district borders the Atlantic Ocean in het North and in the West lies the Coronie District. Groningen was created in 1790 when Governor Jan Gerhard Wichers decided to build a pentagon shaped fort on a strategic site on the Saramacca River that he named after his birth place in Holland - Groningen. Fort Groningen then became one of a cordon of forts.
Many holidaymakers from other areas in Suriname come to Groningen for weekends or for their vacations, to enjoy the restful environment of the Saramacca River, either from terraces or tents. The swimming pool, annex bar, dance hall and warung (Javanese eating place) offer the visitor a welcome repose. On national holidays, boat races and demonstrations on the river are held.
Upon the square which lies before the District Commission there are monuments commemorating the political independence of Suriname in 1975, the centenary of the British Indian immigration, the first anniversary of the revolution of 1980 and a monument commemorating the presence of the 'boeroes' Dutch farming colonists in Groningen. This monument was unveiled in 1945 and updated in 1995.
Striking in the history of Groningen is the settlement of a group of Dutch farmers under leadership of Reverend A. van de Brandhof in 1845. They came to Suriname for a fresh start in their lives. Originally, these colonists settled at Voorzorg and Mijn Vermaak on the far side of the Saramacca River. However, within six months, almost 200 of the group of 384 colonists had died of typhoid. After this, the remainder settled in Groningen, where countless other settlers also passed away. In 1849, the remaining colonists moved in smaller groups to Kwatta and Uitvlugt on the outskirts of Paramaribo. In 1853, the colonization in Groningen was definitely considered to have been a failure.
In 1854, Reverend Van de Brandhof departed to Holland. his wife, Anna Pannekoek, died on November 10 1845 and is buried at Groningen. The Pannekoek Street is named after her. The former residence of Reverend van de Brandhof, ever since the division of Suriname into districts, has served as official residence of the District Commissioner.
When you want stay overnight in Groningen you stay at Resort Bloemendaal. Swimming pool and completely eco. Bloemendaal also arrange boat trips.
Check pictures and short movies about Groningen on Instagram
Since July 2018 I started this blog for information about Suriname. Some contributions are from guests of my resort, Kekemba Resort Paramaribo. For the moment the blog is only in english.
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